Document Detail

Retinoic acid-metabolizing enzyme cytochrome P450 26a1 (cyp26a1) is essential for implantation: functional study of its role in early pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20112286     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Vitamin A (VA) is required for normal fetal development and successful pregnancy. Excessive VA intake during pregnancy may lead to adverse maternal and fetal effects. Cytochrome P450 26A1 (cyp26a1), a retinoic acid (RA)-metabolizing enzyme, is involved in VA metabolism. It has been shown that cyp26a1 is expressed in female reproductive tract, especially in uterus. In order to investigate the role of cyp26a1 during pregnancy, we constructed a recombinant plasmid DNA vaccine encoding cyp26a1 protein and immunized mice with the plasmid. Compared to control groups, the pregnancy rate of the cyp26a1 plasmid-immunized mice were significantly decreased (P < 0.01). Further results showed that both cyp26a1 mRNA and protein were specifically induced in the uterus during implantation period and localized in the uterine luminal epithelium. Importantly, the number of implantation sites was also significantly reduced (P < 0.05) after the uterine injection of cyp26a1-specific antisense oligos or anti-cyp26a1 antibody on day 3 of pregnancy. Accordingly, the expression of RA-related cellular retinoic acid binding protein 1 and tissue transglutaminase was markedly increased (P < 0.05) in the uterine luminal epithelium after intrauterine injection treatments. These data demonstrate that uterine cyp26a1 activity is important for the maintenance of pregnancy, especially during the process of blastocyst implantation.
Bing-Chen Han; Hong-Fei Xia; Jing Sun; Ying Yang; Jing-Pian Peng
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cellular physiology     Volume:  223     ISSN:  1097-4652     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cell. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-01     Completed Date:  2010-05-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0050222     Medline TA:  J Cell Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  471-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.
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MeSH Terms
Antibodies, Blocking / pharmacology
Blastocyst / cytology,  metabolism*
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / antagonists & inhibitors,  genetics*,  metabolism*
Embryo Implantation / physiology*
Endometrium / cytology,  enzymology*
Epithelial Cells / metabolism
Genetic Vectors / pharmacology
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Oligonucleotides, Antisense / pharmacology
Plasmids / genetics
RNA, Messenger / metabolism
Receptors, Retinoic Acid / metabolism
Transglutaminases / metabolism
Tretinoin / metabolism*
Vaccines, DNA / pharmacology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Blocking; 0/Oligonucleotides, Antisense; 0/RNA, Messenger; 0/Receptors, Retinoic Acid; 0/Vaccines, DNA; 0/retinoic acid binding protein I, cellular; 302-79-4/Tretinoin; 9035-51-2/Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System; EC acid 4-hydroxylase; EC; EC 1

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