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Retinoic acid and dexamethasone induce differentiation and maturation of somatotroph cells at different stages in vitro.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21350304     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of retinoic acid (RA) and/or dexamethasone and growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) in the induction of somatotroph cell differentiation. Immunohistochemistry, radioimmunoassay, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol -1,2-y1)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, and immune electron microscopy were employed to determine the effect of incubation with these constituents on the differentiation into somatotrophs of cells isolated from the rat embryonic pituitary gland. RA administration increased the proportion of growth hormone (GH) positive somatotroph cells and GH secretion in embryonic pituitary cells (P<0.01). After 4 days of incubation with RA, additional administration of dexamethasone further increased the proportion of somatotroph cells and GH secretion (P<0.01), and increased the number of secretory granules in the somatotroph cells. Addition of GHRH alone had no such effect (P>0.05). However, addition of GHRH to treatment with RA plus dexamethasone significantly increased both the proportion of somatotroph cells and the secretion of GH compared to treatment with RA or dexamethasone alone or RA plus dexamethasone (P<0.01). RA promoted the early differentiation of somatotroph cells, dexamethasone promoted the differentiation and maturation of somatotroph cells and in addition, RA, dexamethasone and GHRH together exerted synergistic effects that markedly promoted somatotroph cell differentiation, maturation and GH secretion.
Yu Cheng; Ying Xiang; Youzhi Lin; Songbin Fu; Wenzhi Jia; Guanghui Zhang; Wenming Lv; Shan Mi; Qinghai Zhao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Endocrine journal     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1348-4540     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9313485     Medline TA:  Endocr J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
The Department of Neurological Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, P.R.China.
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