Document Detail

Retinoic acid 4-hydroxylase inducibility and clinical response to isotretinoin in patients with acne.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19525031     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme CYP26 (retinoic acid [RA] 4-hydroxylase) initiates the catabolism of all-trans RA (tRA) and limits the effects of tRA. The CYP26 enzyme acts specifically on tRA, but not 13-cis RA (isotretinoin), a retinoid used to treat severe acne. However, 13-cis RA can isomerize to tRA, which can then be metabolized by CYP26.
OBJECTIVE: In healthy individuals, we assessed the variability of CYP26 enzymatic activity. We then investigated whether response to oral 13-cis RA among patients with acne correlates with variability in CYP26 expression.
METHODS: In healthy individuals, we isolated microsomal fractions from the epidermis of keratome biopsy specimens and measured CYP26 enzymatic activity in untreated skin and skin treated with tRA. Enzymatic activity was determined based on rate of formation of 4-hydroxy RA (pg/min/mg microsomal protein). Using real-time polymerase chain reaction we quantified CYP26 messenger RNA induction after tRA application in patients with acne who responded or did not respond to one course of 13-cis RA.
RESULTS: In normal-appearing skin (N = 118), CYP26 enzymatic activity was widely variable (1-180 pg/min/mg microsomal fraction; mean 42.7 +/- 3.5). Furthermore, CYP26 enzymatic activity was inducible in a dose-dependent manner in normal-appearing skin after tRA application, but not correlated with age or sex (N = 29). In patients with acne, CYP26 messenger RNA induction after 0.1% tRA application did not differ (P > .05) between patients who responded (N = 8, 587 +/- 325-fold) or did not respond (N = 8, 657 +/- 227-fold) to one course of 13-cis RA.
LIMITATIONS: The small number of patients with acne treated with 13-cis RA was a major limitation.
CONCLUSION: Factors other than CYP26 activity may determine response to isotretinoin in acne.
Frank Wang; Heh Shin R Kwak; Nada Elbuluk; Anya L Kaczmarek; Ted Hamilton; John J Voorhees; Gary J Fisher; Sewon Kang
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-06-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology     Volume:  61     ISSN:  1097-6787     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-20     Completed Date:  2009-08-05     Revised Date:  2014-09-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7907132     Medline TA:  J Am Acad Dermatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  252-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Acne Vulgaris / drug therapy*,  enzymology*,  genetics
Biological Markers / metabolism
Biopsy, Needle
Case-Control Studies
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / drug effects,  metabolism*
Enzyme Activation / drug effects
Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
Isotretinoin / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
RNA, Messenger / analysis
Reference Values
Risk Factors
Sensitivity and Specificity
Tissue Culture Techniques
Grant Support
1K24 AR02159-01/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS; 5T32 AR007197/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS; K24 AR002159-01/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS; T32 AR007197/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS; T32 AR007197-32/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/RNA, Messenger; 9035-51-2/Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System; EC acid 4-hydroxylase; EH28UP18IF/Isotretinoin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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