Document Detail

Retinal dehydrogenase-2 is inhibited by compounds that induce congenital diaphragmatic hernias in rodents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12547725     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Currently, the etiology of the serious developmental anomaly congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is unknown. We have used an animal model of CDH to address this issue. We characterized four separate teratogens that produced diaphragmatic defects in embryonic rats that are similar to those in infants with CDH. We then tested the hypothesis that all these agents share the common mechanism of perturbing the retinoid-signaling pathway. Specifically, inhibition of retinal dehydrogenase-2 (RALDH2), a key enzyme necessary for the production of retinoic acid and that is expressed in the developing diaphragm, was assayed by measuring retinoic acid production in cytosolic extracts from an oligodendrocyte cell line. The following compounds all induce posterolateral defects in the rat diaphragm; nitrofen, 4-biphenyl carboxylic acid, bisdiamine, and SB-210661. Importantly, we demonstrate that they all share the common mechanism of inhibiting RALDH2. These data provide an important component of mounting evidence suggesting that the retinoid system warrants consideration in future studies of the etiology of CDH.
Jörg Mey; Randal P Babiuk; Robin Clugston; Wei Zhang; John J Greer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of pathology     Volume:  162     ISSN:  0002-9440     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Pathol.     Publication Date:  2003 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-27     Completed Date:  2003-04-11     Revised Date:  2013-06-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370502     Medline TA:  Am J Pathol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  673-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Institut für Biologie II, Aachen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Aldehyde Oxidoreductases / antagonists & inhibitors,  metabolism*
Animals, Newborn
Benzofurans / pharmacology
Diaphragm / abnormalities,  embryology,  pathology
Disease Models, Animal
Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
Hernia, Diaphragmatic / epidemiology,  genetics*,  pathology
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Retinal Dehydrogenase
Urea / analogs & derivatives*,  pharmacology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Benzofurans; 0/Enzyme Inhibitors; 0/SB 210661; 57-13-6/Urea; EC 1.2.-/Aldehyde Oxidoreductases; EC Dehydrogenase

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