Document Detail

Retinal Dystrophy In The Oculo-auricular Syndrome Due to HMX1 Mutation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21417677     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Purpose: To report on the clinical and electrophysiological findings in a patient with oculo-auricular syndrome due to HMX1 mutation, with a follow-up of 12 years. Background: Oculo-auricular syndrome (MIM: 612109) is a rare developmental condition affecting the eye and external ear that results from a mutation in the HMX1 gene. Previously described ocular abnormalities include bilateral microcornea, posterior synechiae, cataract, chorioretinal colobomas and rod-cone dystrophy. Methods: Retrospective chart review of an affected boy followed over a period of 12 years who had serial complete ophthalmologic examinations, fundus photographs, Goldmann perimetry and full-field electroretinograms (ERG). Results: Initial ERG tracings revealed generalized rod more than cone dysfunction. Thereafter, a rapid deterioration in rod and cone function was detected on follow up ERGs. Conclusion: The retinal degeneration in the recessively inherited oculo-auricular syndrome is a progressive rod-cone dystrophy. Visual prognosis is guarded considering the progressive nature of the retinal dystrophy in early infancy.
V Vaclavik; D F Schorderet; F-X Borruat; F L Munier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ophthalmic genetics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1744-5094     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9436057     Medline TA:  Ophthalmic Genet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Jules-Gonin Eye Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.
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