Document Detail

Resveratrol prevents hypoxia-induced arginase II expression and proliferation of human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells via Akt-dependent signaling.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24951775     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (PASMC) proliferation plays a fundamental role in the vascular remodeling seen in pulmonary hypertensive diseases associated with hypoxia. Arginase II, an enzyme regulating the first step in polyamine and proline synthesis, has been shown to play a critical role in hypoxia-induced proliferation of human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. In addition, there is evidence that patients with pulmonary hypertension have elevated levels of arginase in the vascular wall. Resveratrol, a natural polyphenol found in red wine and grape skins, has diverse biochemical and physiologic actions including anti-proliferative properties. Furthermore, resveratrol has been shown to attenuate right ventricular and pulmonary artery remodeling, both pathologic components of pulmonary hypertension. The present studies tested the hypothesis that resveratrol would prevent hypoxia-induced pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell proliferation by inhibiting hypoxia-induced arginase II expression. Our data indicate that hypoxia-induced human PASMC (hPASMC) proliferation is abrogated following treatment with resveratrol. In addition, the hypoxic induction of arginase II was directly attenuated by resveratrol treatment. Furthermore, we found that the inhibitory effect of resveratrol on arginase II in hPASMC was mediated through the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Supporting these in vitro findings, resveratrol normalized right ventricular hypertrophy in an in vivo neonatal rat model of chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. These novel data support the notion that resveratrol may be a potential therapeutic agent in pulmonary hypertension by preventing PASMC arginase II induction and proliferation.
Bernadette Chen; Jianjing Xue; Xiaomei Meng; Jessica Lauren Slutzky; Andrea E Calvert; Louis G Chicoine
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-1504     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901229     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013, American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology.
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