Document Detail


Resumption of right atrial isthmus conduction following atrial flutter radiofrequency ablation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11139955     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Right atrial isthmus block is currently accepted as a success criterion of atrial flutter ablation. An electrophysiological study performed days after the ablation procedure may show recovery of conduction across the isthmus in some patients, followed by arrhythmia recurrence. However, few data are available on the time course of this recovery and on the monitoring of isthmus conduction at the end of the ablation procedure as a means of increasing the success rate of the procedure. Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation was performed in 28 men and 7 women (mean age = 65 +/- 11 years) presenting with common or clockwise atrial flutter (AFL) resistant to 2.9 +/- 1.8 antiarrhythmic drugs. Underlying heart disease was present in 13 patients. The ablation procedure was performed with an 8-mm-tip catheter, by several 45-second applications at a target temperature of 65 degrees C, directed to the isthmus between tricuspid annulus and inferior vena cava. Bidirectional isthmus block (BDB) was created with 4-24 RF applications in all but one patient. Special attention was paid to exclude incomplete block by meticulous mapping during pacing at the coronary sinus os and at the low lateral right atrium every 5 minutes for 20 minutes thereafter. Conduction recovered across the isthmus in 5 patients at 10, 10, 12, 15, and 16 minutes, respectively, and further RF applications were needed to obtain stable block. At a follow-up of 17 +/- 10 months, AFL occurred in the patient without, and in one patient with BDB. Thirty-three of the 34 patients (97%) with persistent BDB remained free of arrhythmia recurrence. This study showed that conduction resumed across the isthmus within 20 minutes, after AFL ablation in 15% of the patients. The long-term results of the procedure can be optimized by ascertaining the persistence of BDB during that period of time.
Authors:
P Bru; C Duplantier; M Bourrat; Y Valy; R Lorillard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2000 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-03     Completed Date:  2001-02-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1908-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Saint-Louis Hospital 17019 La Rochelle, France. Paul.Bru@wanadoo.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Atrial Flutter / physiopathology*,  surgery*
Catheter Ablation / methods*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Atria / physiopathology*,  surgery
Heart Conduction System / physiopathology*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Recurrence
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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