Document Detail

Results of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in patients greater than or equal to 65 years of age (from the 1985 to 1986 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Coronary Angioplasty Registry).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2220627     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The 1985 to 1986 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) Registry series of 1,801 initial procedures included 486 patients age greater than or equal to 65 years (elderly). In comparison to younger patients, a greater proportion of elderly patients were women and had unstable angina. Elderly patients had more history of hypertension and more history of congestive heart failure. Although the elderly had more extensive vessel disease, the numbers of lesions and vessels attempted with PTCA were similar in the older and younger cohorts. Angiographic success rates were similar for all age groups. Although complication rates in the catheterization laboratory did not differ, patients greater than or equal to 65 years were much more likely to require emergency coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) (5.4 vs 2.8%, p less than 0.05) or elective CABG (3.9 vs 1.6%, p less than 0.01). The in-hospital death rate was considerably higher among the elderly (3.1 vs 0.2%, p less than 0.01). At 2-year follow-up, symptomatic status and cumulative rates of myocardial infarction, CABG and repeat PTCA were similar for elderly and younger patients. The death rate after 2 years was higher among elderly patients (8.8% of patients greater than or equal to 65 years vs 2.9% of patients less than 65 years, p less than 0.01). When the relative risk of death for the elderly was adjusted for factors more prevalent among those greater than or equal to 65 years (history of congestive heart failure, multivessel disease, unstable angina, history of hypertension and female gender), the relative risk remained significant but was substantially reduced (from 3.3 to 2.4).
S F Kelsey; D P Miller; R Holubkov; A S Lu; M J Cowley; D P Faxon; K M Detre
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  66     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1990 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-11-21     Completed Date:  1990-11-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1033-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary* / adverse effects
Coronary Artery Bypass
Coronary Disease / mortality,  pathology,  therapy
Coronary Vessels / pathology
Follow-Up Studies
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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