Document Detail

Restrictive bare stent for prevention of stent graft-induced distal redissection after thoracic endovascular aortic repair for type B aortic dissection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23336855     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Stent graft-induced distal redissection (SIDR) is one of the major concerns in the durability of endovascular repair for complicated Stanford type B aortic dissection. The characteristics and means of prevention of this complication remain unknown.
METHODS: From April 1997 to March 2010, 674 patients with type B aortic dissections were treated primarily by thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) at our center. Criteria for inclusion in this study were treatment primarily with TEVAR and an estimated mismatch rate (ratio of distal diameter of stent graft to long diameter of true lumen) greater than 120%. By this protocol, 465 patients were included in this study and were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 266 patients were treated in the acute phase, and 199 were treated in the chronic phase.
RESULTS: A total of 311 patients were treated with standard TEVAR and 154 patients with TEVAR + restrictive bare stent (RBS). The preoperative mismatch rate (measured as the preoperative long diameter of the true lumen at the level of the intended distal end of the stent graft) of the SIDR was significantly higher than that of the non-SIDR (192.7 ± 54.9% vs 131.9 ± 10.4%; P < .05). The follow-up mismatch rate of the SIDR was significantly higher than that of the non-SIDR (145.4 ± 34.6 vs 120.3 ± 16.1; P < .05). Compared with the standard TEVAR, TEVAR + RBS was associated with a lower incidence of SIDR (0% vs 2.9%; P = .033) and less secondary intervention (3.9% vs 9.3%; P = .040). Placement of the RBS significantly expanded the true lumen at the level of the descending aorta with the narrowest true lumen and at the level of the distal end of the stent graft.
CONCLUSIONS: The mismatch between the distal diameter of the stent graft and the diameter of the compressed true lumen seems to be the major factor in the occurrence of SIDR. Placement of an RBS, as an adjunctive technique to TEVAR, could reduce the incidence of SIDR. On the basis of early- to midterm observations, RBSs may improve morphological remodeling of the dissected aorta at certain levels.
Jiaxuan Feng; Qingsheng Lu; Zhiqing Zhao; Junmin Bao; Xiang Feng; Lefeng Qu; Jian Zhou; Zaiping Jing
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vascular surgery     Volume:  57     ISSN:  1097-6809     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8407742     Medline TA:  J Vasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  44S-52S     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Vascular Surgery, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.
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