Document Detail


Restricting the intake of a cereal-based feed in free-range-pastured poultry: effects on performance and meat quality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18809866     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Pastures are assumed to be good sources of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and other bioactive compounds. In this study, we evaluated the effects of restricting the intake of a cereal-based feed on the consumption of a legume-based pasture, and consequently on poultry performance and meat quality. Broilers of the RedBro Cou Nu x RedBro M genotype were fed a cereal-based feed at different intake restriction levels (100, 75, or 50% of ad libitum intake) in portable floorless pens located on a subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum) pasture. Control birds were maintained at the same site in identical pens but had no access to pasture. The results revealed that, although the growth rate achieved was below the levels expected for the genotype, restriction of cereal-based feed intake had a significant impact on broiler weight gain and feed conversion while leading to an increase in relative leguminous pasture intake (from 1.6 to 4.9% of the total intake, on a DM basis). In addition, bird performance was positively influenced by pasture consumption. The capacity of ingested pasture to modulate carcass characteristics, broiler meat fatty acid profiles, and the meat content of total cholesterol, tocopherols, and to-cotrienols was investigated in broiler chickens slaughtered on d 64. Pasture intake decreased carcass yield (P < 0.05) and meat pH (P < 0.001) and improved breast skin pigmentation (P < 0.001). Consumption of the leguminous pasture had a marginal effect in the vitamin E profiles and cholesterol contents of broiler meat (P < 0.05), although it significantly affected the meat fatty acid profile. Although pasture intake did not influence the linoleic acid content of poultry meat, the levels of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in breast meat [ALA (P < 0.001), eicosapentaenoic acid (P < 0.001), docosapentaenoic acid (P < 0.001), and docosahexaenoic acid (P < 0.001)] were significantly greater in birds consuming the leguminous biomass. Overall, the data suggest an important deposition of ALA and some conversion of ALA to its derivatives in pastured broilers subjected to a restriction of cereal-based feed.
Authors:
P I P Ponte; J A M Prates; J P Crespo; D G Crespo; J L Mourão; S P Alves; R J B Bessa; M A Chaveiro-Soares; L T Gama; L M A Ferreira; C M G A Fontes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-23     Completed Date:  2008-11-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2032-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centro Interdisciplinar em Investigação em Sanidade Animal-Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Pólo Universitário do Alto da Ajuda, Avenida da Universidade Técnica, 1300-477 Lisboa, Portugal.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed*
Animal Husbandry / methods
Animals
Cereals*
Chickens / growth & development*
Cholesterol / blood
Diterpenes / blood
Energy Intake
Fatty Acids / analysis,  blood
Genotype
Meat / analysis*,  standards
Poaceae
Portugal
Poultry
Seasons
Skin Pigmentation / physiology
Tocopherols / blood
Tocotrienols / blood
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Diterpenes; 0/Fatty Acids; 0/Tocotrienols; 1406-66-2/Tocopherols; 57-88-5/Cholesterol

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