Document Detail

Restaurant staff's knowledge of anaphylaxis and dietary care of people with allergies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21488998     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background Deaths caused by food-induced anaphylactic reactions are increasing, with most caused by food purchased outside the home. Primary prevention by allergen avoidance is desirable, but is easier in the home than when eating out, where the responsibility is shared with restaurant staff. Objective To investigate restaurant staff's knowledge about food allergies. Method A structured telephone questionnaire was administered to a member of staff at 90 table-service restaurants in Brighton. Results Fifty-six percent (90/162) restaurants that were contacted agreed to participate. Responders included seven owners, 48 managers, 20 waiters and 15 chefs. Ninety per cent (81/90) reported food hygiene training; 33% (30/90) reported specific food allergy training. Fifty-six percent (50/90) could name three or more food allergens. Eighty-one percent reported confidence (very or somewhat) in providing a safe meal to a food-allergic customer. Answers to true-false questions indicated some frequent misunderstandings: 38% believed an individual experiencing a reaction should drink water to dilute the allergen; 23% thought consuming a small amount of an allergen is safe; 21% reported allergen removal from a finished meal would render it safe; 16% agreed cooking food prevents it causing allergy and 12% were unaware allergy could cause death. Forty-eight percent expressed interest in further training on food allergy. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance Despite a high confidence level, there are obvious gaps in restaurant staff's knowledge of allergy. Food-allergic patients need to be aware of this and adapt their behaviour accordingly. Our data challenge the impact of current food allergy training practice for restaurant staff, and support the need for more rigorous and accessible training. Cite this as: S. Bailey, R. Albardiaz, A. J. Frew and H. Smith, Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 2011 (41) 713-717.
S Bailey; R Albardiaz; A J Frew; H Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1365-2222     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Exp. Allergy     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8906443     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Allergy     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  713-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Division of Public Health & Primary Care, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Falmer, Brighton, UK The Surgery, St Leonards on Sea, UK Department of Respiratory Medicine, Brighton & Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Brighton, UK.
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