Document Detail


Responsibility ascriptions and Vision Zero.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16876759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Vision Zero is a traffic safety policy that was adopted by the Swedish Parliament in 1997. Similar policies have been adopted in Norway and Denmark. In essence, Vision Zero states that it is unacceptable for anyone to die while using the road transport system. The policy also introduces an explicit distribution of responsibility for traffic safety, in which the system designers are ultimately responsible. In this article, it is argued that the proposed new distribution of responsibility can be better understood if we distinguish between two general types of responsibility ascriptions, namely backward-looking and forward-looking responsibility ascriptions. Both types include some kind of causal responsibility and whereas backward-looking responsibility implies an element of blame, forward-looking responsibility implies potential blame, meaning that in cases where the agent who was ascribed responsibility did not achieve the expected result, we are likely to blame her. Vision Zero still ascribes backward-looking responsibility and to some degree forward-looking responsibility to individuals, but adds the explicit forward-looking responsibility of the system designers.
Authors:
Jessica Nihlén Fahlquist
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-07-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0001-4575     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-04     Completed Date:  2007-01-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1113-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Philosophy, Royal Institute of Technology, Teknikringen 78B, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden. jessican@infra.kth.se
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic* / statistics & numerical data
Causality
Humans
Public Policy*
Safety / standards*
Social Responsibility*
Sweden

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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