Document Detail

Responses of spectrally selective cells in macaque area V2 to wavelengths and colors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11929928     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We have recorded from wavelength-selective cells in macaque monkey visual area V2, interposed between areas V1 and V4 of the color-specialized pathway, to learn whether their responses correlate with perceived colors or are determined by the wavelength composition of light reflected from their receptive fields. All the cells we recorded from were unselective for the orientation and direction of motion of the stimulus, and all were histologically identified to be in the thin cytochrome oxidase stripes. Using multi-colored "Mondrian" scenes of the appropriate spatial configuration, areas of different color were placed in the receptive field of each cell and the entire scene illuminated by three projectors, passing long-, middle-, and short-wave light, respectively, in various combinations. Our results show that wavelength-selective cells in V2 respond to an area of any color depending on whether or not it reflects a sufficient amount of light of their preferred wavelength. In addition, the responses of a third of the cells tested were also influenced by the wavelength composition of their immediate surrounds, thus signaling the result of a local spatial comparison with respect to the amount of their preferred wavelength present. The responses of all also depended on the sequence with which their receptive fields were illuminated with light of the three different wavebands: cells were activated when there was an increase (and inhibited when there was a decrease) in the amount of their preferred wavelength with respect to the other two; the temporal route taken was therefore a determining factor, and, depending on it, cells would either respond or not to a particular combination of wavelengths. We conclude that although spatiotemporal wavelength comparisons are taking place in the color-specialized subdivisions of area V2, the determination of complete color-constant behavior at the neuronal level requires further processing, in other areas.
K Moutoussis; S Zeki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurophysiology     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0022-3077     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurophysiol.     Publication Date:  2002 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-04-03     Completed Date:  2002-06-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375404     Medline TA:  J Neurophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2104-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Brain / cytology,  physiology*
Color Perception / physiology*
Neurons / physiology*
Photic Stimulation / methods
Time Factors
Visual Pathways / cytology,  physiology*

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