Document Detail

Responses of the skin microcirculation to acetylcholine and to sodium nitroprusside in chronic uremic patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11196074     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of the present study was to assess the endothelial function of the microcirculation in chronic renal failure. We investigated the responses of the cutaneous blood flow to locally delivered acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside in uremic patients. The study included 60 chronic uremic patients: 40 patients with a creatinine clearance of 4-25 ml/min were on conservative treatment and 20 patients were on maintenance hemodialysis. The changes in skin blood flow following iontophoretic delivery of acetylcholine (an endothelium-dependent vasodilator) and sodium nitroprusside (an endothelium-independent vasodilator) were measured by laser Doppler flowmetry. Acetylcholine induced a progressive increase in blood flow in both groups, reaching approximately 100% of the maximal hyperemic response obtained by sodium nitroprusside delivery. The percent increase in blood flow from baseline was lower in hemodialysis patients than in patients on conservative treatment, after both acetylcholine (550 +/- 44 vs. 718 +/- 61%, P < 0.05) and sodium nitroprusside (553 +/- 46 vs. 735 +/- 69%, P < 0.05) delivery. In the hemodialysis group, the hyperemic responses to acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside did not improve after the hemodialysis session. Hence, the hyperemic responses of the skin microcirculation are lower in hemodialysis patients than in patients on conservative treatment, and did not ameliorate after hemodialysis. It seems to be independent of endothelial dysfunction, and associated with the severity of uremia and with the maintenance hemodialysis treatment. This microcirculatory abnormality is in keeping with the arterial stiffness and vascular wall damages described in dialysis patients, which contribute to the cardiovascular morbidity of chronic uremia.
A Cupisti; M Rossi; S Placidi; R Caprioli; E Morelli; G Vagheggini; G Barsotti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of clinical & laboratory research     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0940-5437     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Clin. Lab. Res.     Publication Date:  2000  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-23     Completed Date:  2001-03-15     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206491     Medline TA:  Int J Clin Lab Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  157-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dipartimento di Medicina Interna, Università di Pisa, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Acetylcholine / pharmacology*
Blood Chemical Analysis
Endothelium, Vascular / drug effects*,  metabolism
Kidney Failure, Chronic / physiopathology*,  therapy
Laser-Doppler Flowmetry
Microcirculation / drug effects,  pathology
Middle Aged
Nitroprusside / pharmacology*
Regional Blood Flow / drug effects
Renal Dialysis
Skin / blood supply*
Uremia / physiopathology*,  therapy
Vasodilator Agents / pharmacology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Vasodilator Agents; 15078-28-1/Nitroprusside; 51-84-3/Acetylcholine

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