Document Detail


Responses of endurance-trained subjects to caloric deficits induced by diet or exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4068964     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of 7 d of caloric deficit (1,000 kcal X d-1) induced by diet or exercise on weight loss and exercise performance of six endurance-trained males. The diet of each subject was controlled during the weeks preceding the dietary restriction and exercise to normalize nitrogen balance. Weight and blood chemistries were monitored daily. Submaximal and maximal exercise responses were tested at the end of each week. Weight loss during the exercise week was 0.76 kg, significantly less (P less than 0.05) than in the dietary restriction week (-2.16 kg). Seven d of cumulative nitrogen loss was greater (P less than 0.05) during the diet week (-24.5 g) than the exercise week (-11.1 g). Resting hematocrit, hemoglobin, total plasma protein, and albumin were significantly reduced during the exercise week compared to all other weeks. Maximal exercise capacity, measured as VO2 (61 ml X kg-1 X min-1) or duration of exercise, was not affected by either method of caloric deficit, but R values and lactates were lower than controls for both dieting and exercise deficits. The results suggest that endurance-trained individuals lose weight more slowly and conserve more protein when using exercise to induce a caloric deficit compared to dietary restriction. The results also suggest the possibility of the sequestering of blood proteins to supplement muscle protein synthesis during periods of exercise-induced caloric deficits.
Authors:
R G McMurray; V Ben-Ezra; W A Forsythe; A T Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1985 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-01-22     Completed Date:  1986-01-22     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  574-9     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Proteins / analysis
Body Weight
Creatine Kinase / blood
Diet, Reducing*
Energy Intake*
Humans
Male
Nitrogen / metabolism
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Education and Training*
Physical Endurance
Physical Exertion*
Plasma Volume
Proteins / metabolism
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
RR-00046/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Proteins; 0/Proteins; 7727-37-9/Nitrogen; EC 2.7.3.2/Creatine Kinase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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