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Responses of the ambulatory arterial stiffness index and other measures of arterial function to antihypertensive drugs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21228786     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
We investigated the effects of different antihypertensive drugs on the ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), pulse pressure (PP), the arterio-ventricular coupling index (AVCI) and aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV). After a 4-week placebo period, 94 and 107 patients with uncomplicated hypertension were randomly assigned to treatment with atenolol (AT) at dosage of 50 mg per day or perindopril/indapamide (PER/IND) at dosage of 2/0.6 mg per day for 1 year. From each patient's 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (BP) recording, we determined the 24-h systolic and diastolic BPs. We computed PP as the difference between 24-h systolic and diastolic BP, AASI as unity minus the regression slope of diastolic on systolic BP, and AVCI as (T/τ)/(1+2T/3τ), where T is the heart period in seconds and τ is the decay time of aortic BP during diastole. On AT compared with PER/IND, with adjustments applied for covariables, 24-h systolic BP (-9.5 vs. -13.7 mm Hg; P=0.009) and 24-h PP (-1.02 vs. -6.53 mm Hg; P<0.001) decreased less and AVCI lengthened more (+0.019 vs. -0.008; P<0.001). The changes in AASI (-0.001 vs. -0.014; P=0.44) and aPWV (-0.89 vs. -0.69 m s(-1); P=0.45) were similar in the two treatment groups. AASI and aPWV showed significant concordance (r=0.21, P=0.003) after adjustment for covariables. On administration of antihypertensive drugs with different hemodynamic profiles, AASI and aPWV behaved similarly. The similarity in the findings for aPWV and AASI support the use of AASI as an index reflecting the arterial stiffness.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 13 January 2011; doi:10.1038/hr.2010.256.
Yu Jin; Lutgarde Thijs; Tom Richart; Yan Li; Eamon Dolan; Ji-Guang Wang; Athanase Protogerou; Eoin O'Brien; Jan A Staessen; Michel E Safar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1348-4214     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9307690     Medline TA:  Hypertens Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Studies Coordinating Centre, Laboratory of Hypertension, Division of Hypertension and Cardiovascular Rehabilitation, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
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