Document Detail


Responses of abdominal vascular capacitance in the anaesthetized dog to changes in carotid sinus pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1011079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. The abdominal circulation of anaesthetized dogs was vascularly isolated without opening the abdomen, by cutting or tying all structures immediately above the diaphragm and tying the proximal ends of the hind limbs. The region was perfused at constant flow through the aorta and drained at constant pressure from the inferior vena cava. 2. Vascular resistance responses were expressed as the changes in perfusion pressure and capacitance responses were determined by integrating changes in vena caval outflow. 3. Decreasing the pressure in the isolated carotid sinuses over the whole baroreceptor sensitivity range increased mean perfusion pressure from 91 to 149 mmHg (a 67% increase in resistance) and decreased mean capacitance by 111 ml. (5 ml. kg-1). 4. The range of carotid sinus pressures over which capacitance responses occurred was at a significantly higher level than the corresponding range for resistance responses. 5. Comparison of the reflex responses with the responses to direct stimulation of efferent sympathetic nerves shows that quantitatively similar responses of resistance and capacitance to those induced by a large step decrease in carotid pressure could be produced by stimulating maximally the efferent sympathetic nerves at 5 Hz. These results also suggest that at all levels of carotid sinus pressure there is no difference in the impulse traffic to resistance and capacitance vessels.
Authors:
R Hainsworth; F Karim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of physiology     Volume:  262     ISSN:  0022-3751     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Physiol. (Lond.)     Publication Date:  1976 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-03-15     Completed Date:  1977-03-15     Revised Date:  2010-09-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0266262     Medline TA:  J Physiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  659-77     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abdomen / blood supply*
Animals
Carotid Sinus / physiology*
Dogs
Hematocrit
Hemodynamics
Neurons, Efferent / physiology
Pressoreceptors / physiology*
Reflex*
Sympathetic Nervous System / physiology
Vascular Resistance
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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