Document Detail


Response to external inspiratory resistive loading and bronchospasm in anesthetized dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7118656     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mouth occlusion pressure (P0.1) and breathing-pattern responses to external inspiratory resistive loading and methacholine chloride-induced bronchospasm were assessed in six dogs under pentobarbital sodium anesthesia. There was no change in P0.1 with external loading, but, in response to bronchospasm, we observed a P0.1 increase proportional to the change in lung resistance. These results indicate that, unlike external loading, the ventilatory-drive adaptation to bronchospasm does not require consciousness of the animal. The breathing-pattern response to bronchospasm consisted of tachypnea associated with decreased tidal volume (VT), decreased inspiratory duration (TI), and unchanged mean inspiratory flow (VT/TI). In response to resistive loading there was no tachypnea, VT decreased, TI was unchanged, and VT/TI decreased. We suggest that in response to resistive loading there was no modification of vagal activity, whereas in bronchospasm there was an increase of vagal activity, which was responsible for the changes in breathing pattern and, at least in part, for the changes in P0.1.
Authors:
J Savoy; M E Arnup; N R Anthonisen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0161-7567     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Publication Date:  1982 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-12-02     Completed Date:  1982-12-02     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801242     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  355-60     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anesthesia, General
Animals
Bronchial Spasm / physiopathology*
Bronchiectasis / physiopathology
Dogs
Intubation, Intratracheal
Mechanoreceptors / physiology*
Pressure
Respiration*
Tidal Volume
Time Factors
Vagus Nerve / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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