Document Detail

Response to encainide of refractory ventricular tachycardia: clinical application of assays for parent drug and metabolites.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6182414     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To assess the response to encainide in patients with malignant arrhythmias, we treated 22 patients with recurrent ventricular tachycardia (VT) or fibrillation (VF) refractory to an average of 5.7 drugs. Thirteen patients (59%) showed a favorable in-hospital response, and 11 of 22 (50%) maintained a favorable antiarrhythmic response during a median follow-up of 13.5 months (range 0.3--25.5). Encainide was well tolerated. Six (46%) of 13 patients responded to intravenous encainide with suppression of VT by programmed ventricular stimulation or continuous monitoring; oral encainide has maintained arrhythmia control. In six of seven others, cycle length of VT was lengthened. Initial therapy with oral drug yielded five complete and two partial responses, assessed by monitoring, among nine other patients. Of three outpatient failures, only one was an inpatient responder. Proarrhythmic responses were also noted and included spontaneous increases in ectopy (three patients), easier induction of VT spontaneously or at programmed stimulation (three patients), facilitation of exercise VT (one patient), and syncope due to VT/VF (one patient). After intravenous therapy, plasma encainide concentration averaged 773 ng/ml (range 476--1,279, n = 4), with low or negligible metabolites. During chronic oral therapy, encainide concentrations were low and variable, averaging 67.5 ng/ml (less than 10--585; n = 23, 10 patients); metabolite levels were higher and less variable: O-demethyl encainide, mean 198 ng/ml (61--882); 3-methoxy-o-demethyl encainide, mean 128 ng/ml (39--379). Active metabolites(s) may thus be more important than parent drug during chronic therapy. In summary, encainide may provide successful therapy in approximately half of patients with malignant, refractory ventricular arrhythmias. Inpatient response predicts outpatient results. Encainide, like other antiarrhythmics, has proarrhythmic potential, suggesting a carefully monitored initial approach.
J L Anderson; J R Stewart; T A Johnson; J R Lutz; B Pitt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0160-2446     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:    1982 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-12-16     Completed Date:  1982-12-16     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902492     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Pharmacol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  812-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Ambulatory Care
Anilides / blood,  therapeutic use*
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents / blood,  therapeutic use*
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / drug therapy*
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Ventricles
Middle Aged
Tachycardia / drug therapy
Ventricular Fibrillation / drug therapy
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anilides; 0/Anti-Arrhythmia Agents; 66778-36-7/Encainide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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