Document Detail


Response to cooling temperature in infants born at an altitude of 4,330 meters.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9847263     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The metabolic response to reduction in ambient temperature was studied in healthy, full-term, 1-d-old infants in Lima (50 m altitude, n = 20) and Cerro de Pasco (4,330 m, barometric pressure approximately 450 mm Hg, n = 20), Peru. Oxygen consumption (V O2) and carbon dioxide production (V CO2) were measured with an open-flow system as each infant rested quietly in a cylindrical humicrib, at wall temperatures of 35 degrees C (warm) and 26 degrees C (cool). The infants were exposed for 20 min to both temperatures, with the higher temperature followed by the lower, and oxygen consumption (V O2) and carbon dioxide production (V CO2) were measured over the last 8 min of each exposure. Average birth weight in Cerro de Pasco (2,933 +/- 77 g [mean +/- SE]) was less than in Lima (3,457 +/- 73 g). In warm conditions, infants born at high altitude had slightly yet significantly lower body and skin temperatures than did those born at low altitude, with similar values of V O2 and heart rate (HR). Neither body nor skin temperature changed in either group during cooling. At low altitude, cooling increased V O2 ( approximately 34%), whereas no significant increase occurred in the high-altitude group. A similar response occurred for HR. Among several possibilities, the most likely interpretation of the results would be that of a decreased thermogenic capacity in the high-altitude infants because of the correspondingly lower oxygen availability during gestation.
Authors:
P B Frappell; F León-Velarde; L Aguero; J P Mortola
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine     Volume:  158     ISSN:  1073-449X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  1998 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-01-25     Completed Date:  1999-01-25     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9421642     Medline TA:  Am J Respir Crit Care Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1751-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
School of Zoology, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia. p.frappell@zoo.latrobe.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Altitude*
Analysis of Variance
Anoxia / metabolism,  physiopathology
Biological Availability
Birth Weight
Body Temperature / physiology*
Body Temperature Regulation / physiology
Carbon Dioxide / metabolism
Cold Temperature*
Female
Heart Rate / physiology
Humans
Humidity
Infant, Newborn / metabolism,  physiology*
Male
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Peru
Skin Temperature / physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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