Document Detail


Response surface optimization of substrates for thermophilic anaerobic codigestion of sewage sludge and food waste.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17385597     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study investigated the effects of food waste constituents on thermophilic (55 degrees C) anaerobic codigestion of sewage sludge and food waste by using statistical techniques based on biochemical methane potential tests. Various combinations of grain, vegetable, and meat as cosubstrate were tested, and then the data of methane potential (MP), methane production rate (MPR), and first-order kinetic constant of hydrolysis (kH) were collected for further analyses. Response surface methodology by the Box-Behnken design can verify the effects and their interactions of three variables on responses efficiently. MP was mainly affected by grain, whereas MPR and kH were affected by both vegetable and meat. Estimated polynomial regression models can properly explain the variability of experimental data with a high-adjusted R2 of 0.727, 0.836, and 0.915, respectively. By applying a series of optimization techniques, it was possible to find the proper criteria of cosubstrate. The optimal cosubstrate region was suggested based on overlay contours of overall mean responses. With the desirability contour plots, it was found that optimal conditions of cosubstrate for the maximum MPR (56.6 mL of CH4/g of chemical oxygen demand [COD]/day) were 0.71 g of COD/L of grain, 0.18 g of COD/L of vegetable, and 0.38 g of COD/L of meat by the simultaneous consideration of MP, MPR, and kH. Within the range of each factor examined, the corresponding optimal ratio of sewage sludge to cosubstrate was 71:29 as the COD basis. Elaborate discussions could yield practical operational strategies for the enhanced thermophilic anaerobic codigestion of sewage sludge and food waste.
Authors:
Hyun-Woo Kim; Hang-Sik Shin; Sun-Kee Han; Sae-Eun Oh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995)     Volume:  57     ISSN:  1096-2247     ISO Abbreviation:  J Air Waste Manag Assoc     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-27     Completed Date:  2007-04-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503111     Medline TA:  J Air Waste Manag Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  309-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anaerobiosis
Carbon Dioxide / analysis
Cereals
Garbage*
Meat
Methane / analysis
Sewage*
Vegetables
Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sewage; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 74-82-8/Methane

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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