Document Detail


Response rate viewed as engagement bouts: resistance to extinction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12083677     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Rats obtained food pellets by nose poking a lighted key, the illumination of which alternated every 50 s during a session between blinking and steady, signaling either a relatively rich (60 per hour) or relatively lean (15 per hour) rate of reinforcement. During one training condition, all the reinforcers in the presence of the rich-reinforcement signal were response dependent (i.e., a variable-interval schedule); during another condition only 25% were response dependent (i.e., a variable-time schedule operated concurrently with a variable-interval schedule). An extinction session followed each training block. For both kinds of training schedule, and consistent with prior results, response rate was more resistant to extinction in the presence of the rich-reinforcement signal than in the presence of the lean-reinforcement signal. Analysis of interresponse-time distributions from baseline showed that differential resistance to extinction was not related to baseline differences in the rate of initiating response bouts or in the length of bouts. Also, bout-initiation rate (like response rate) was most resistant to extinction in the presence of the rich-reinforcement signal. These results support the proposal of behavioral momentum theory (e.g., Nevin & Grace, 2000) that resistance to extinction in the presence of a discriminative stimulus is determined more by the stimulus-reinforcer (Pavlovian) than by the stimulus-response-reinforcer (operant) contingency.
Authors:
Richard L Shull; Scott T Gaynor; Julie A Grimes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0022-5002     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Anal Behav     Publication Date:  2002 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-26     Completed Date:  2003-01-21     Revised Date:  2010-09-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203727     Medline TA:  J Exp Anal Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  211-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 27402-6164, USA. rlshull@uncg.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Appetitive Behavior*
Association Learning
Discrimination Learning*
Extinction, Psychological*
Male
Motivation*
Psychomotor Performance
Rats
Rats, Long-Evans
Reinforcement Schedule*
Retention (Psychology)
Visual Perception
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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