Document Detail

Response of myocardial oxygenation to breathing manoeuvres and adenosine infusion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25336541     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIMS: Testing for inducible myocardial ischaemia is one of the most important diagnostic procedures and has a strong impact on clinical decision-making. Current standard protocols are typically limited by the required infusion of vasodilatory substances. Recent data indicate that changes of myocardial oxygenation induced by hyperventilation and breath-holds can be monitored by oxygenation-sensitive (OS) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and may be useful for assessing coronary vascular function. As tests using breathing manoeuvres may be safer, easier, and more comfortable than vasodilator stress agent infusion, we compared its impact on myocardial oxygenation with that of a standard adenosine infusion protocol.
METHODS AND RESULTS: In 20 healthy volunteers, we assessed changes of myocardial oxygenation using OS-CMR at 3 T during adenosine infusion (140 µg/kg/min, i.v.) and during voluntary breathing manoeuvres: a maximal breath-hold following normal breathing and a maximal breath-hold following 60 s of hyperventilation. The study was successfully completed in 19 subjects. There was a significantly stronger myocardial response for hyperventilation (decrease of -10.6 ± 7.8%) and the following breath-hold (increase of 14.8 ± 6.6%) than adenosine (3.9 ± 6.5%), whereas a simple maximal voluntary breath-hold yielded a similar signal intensity increase (3.1 ± 3.9%). Subjective side effects occurred significantly more often with adenosine, especially in females.
CONCLUSIONS: Hyperventilation combined with a subsequent long breath-hold and hyperventilation alone both have a greater impact on myocardial oxygenation changes than an intravenous administration of a standard dose of adenosine, as assessed by OS-CMR. Breathing manoeuvres may be more efficient, safer, and more comfortable than adenosine for the assessment of the coronary vasomotor response.
Kady Fischer; Dominik P Guensch; Matthias G Friedrich
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2047-2412     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-10-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101573788     Medline TA:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2014. For permissions please email:
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