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Response of fat-tailed Syrian Awassi ewes to accelerated lambing systems.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21526356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fifty cyclic fat-tailed Syrian Awassi ewes aged 2-4 years, with a mean weight of 51.4 kg, were used for 4 years to assess the accelerated lambing system (three lambings in 2 years). Ewes were divided into two groups: treated (T) and untreated (C). Ewes in the T group were treated with flugestone acetate for 14 days and injected intramuscularly at sponge withdrawal with 500 IU of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG). Results indicated that ewes in the T group exhibited oestrus and were mated within 5 days post sponge removal compared to 11 days for ewes in the C group, and the difference in oestrus response between the two groups was significant (P < 0.001). Repeated hormonal treatments had no significant (P > 0.05) effect on the lamb birth weight. However, significant (P < 0.001) differences in the lamb birth weight were observed between singles and multiple births. In the treated ewes, the total number of lambs born was 211-157 parturitions, and the multiple birth rate reached 27.4%, whereas the rate in the untreated group was 6.3% with the difference being significant (P < 0.05). In the untreated ewes, the total number of lambs born was 14-13 parturitions (12 singles and 1 twin). Fecundity rates were 135.1% and 106.3% in the treated and untreated ewes, respectively, and the difference was significant (P < 0.05). Repeated administration of eCG had no negative effect on fertility of Syrian Awassi ewes. However, anti-eCG antibodies were produced following eCG injections with extremely high individual differences in the immune response among ewes.
Authors:
Moutaz Zarkawi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical animal health and production     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-7438     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1277355     Medline TA:  Trop Anim Health Prod     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Animal Production, Department of Agriculture, Atomic Energy Commission, P. O. Box 6091, Damascus, Syria, ascientific1@aec.org.sy.
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