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Response of the central metabolism of Corynebacterium glutamicum to different flux burdens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18636622     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
To evaluate the importance of reactions within the central metabolism under different flux burdens the fluxes within the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), as well as the other reactions of the central metabolism, were intensively analyzed and quantitated. For this purpose, Corynebacterium glutamicum was grown with [1-(13)C]glucose to metabolic and isotopic steady state and the fractional enrichments in precursor metabolites (e.g., pentose 5-phosphate) were quantified. Matrix calculus was used to express these data together with metabolite mass data. The detailed analysis of the dependence of (13)C enrichments on exchange fluxes enabled the transketolase-catalyzed exchange rate (2 pentose 5-phosphate <--> sedoheptulose 7-phosphate + glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate) to be quantified as 74.3% (molar metabolite flux) at a net flux of 10.3% and the exchange rate (pentose 5-phosphate + erythrose 4-phosphate <--> fructose 6-phosphate + glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate) to be quantified as 5.6% at a net flux of 8.1%. The flux entering the tricarboxylic acid cycle was 93.3%. The same comprehensive flux analysis as performed for the nonexcreting condition was done with the identical strain that had been forced to excrete L-glutamate. Because we had already quantified the fluxes for L-lysine excretion with an isogenic strain, three directly comparable flux situations are thus available. Consequently, this comparison permits a direct cause-and-effect relationship to be specified. In response to the different flux burdens of the cell, the PPP flux decreased from a maximum of 67% to 26%, with the glycolytic flux increasing accordingly. The carbon flux through isocitrate dehydrogenase increased from 20% to 36%. The bidirectional carbon flux between pyruvate and oxaloacetate decreased from 36% to 9%. Since the cause of the three different flux states was the allelic exchange in the final L-lysine assembling pathway or the glutamate export activity, respectively, the flexible response is the effect. This shows conclusively the enormous flexibility within the central metabolism of C. glutamicum to supply precursors upon their withdrawal for the synthesis of amino acids. (c) 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Biotechnol Bioeng 56: 168-180, 1997.
A Marx; K Striegel; A A de Graaf; H Sahm; L Eggeling
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biotechnology and bioengineering     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0006-3592     ISO Abbreviation:  Biotechnol. Bioeng.     Publication Date:  1997 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502021     Medline TA:  Biotechnol Bioeng     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  168-80     Citation Subset:  -    
Institut für Biotechnologie, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, D-52425 Jülich, Germany; telephone: FRG++49 2461 61 5132; fax: FRG++49 2461 61 2710.
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