Document Detail


Respiratory syncytial virus nephropathy in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17200682     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The pathogenesis of minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) remains unclear. Respiratory tract viruses could contribute to MCNS, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common one. In this study, we planned to investigate the effects of RSV on the proteinuria and glomerular structure of rats and to explore the role of RSV in the pathogenesis of MCNS. Rats were inoculated with 6 x 10(2), 10(4), and 10(6) PFU (plaque-forming units) RSV and killed on days 4, 8, 14, 28, and 60 postinoculation (RSV(4), RSV(8), RSV(14), RSV(28), and RSV(60)). The proteinuria and serum parameters were measured; renal histology was observed by light microscopy and electron microscopy; immune complex deposits were detected by immunofluorescence microscopy; and RSV RNA and RSV titer were determined by in situ hybridization and plaque assay, respectively. After inoculation, the proteinuria increased, especially in 6 x 10(6) PFU RSV(14),(28). The serum albumin of 6 x 10(6) PFU RSV(14),(28) and different-titer RSV(60) decreased. Slight hypercellularity in minority glomeruli and swelling in partial tubular epithelial cells were observed in RSV(4),(8), whereas a relief of the above changes and no abnormalities were detected in RSV(14) and RSV(28),(60), respectively, under a light microscope. Extensive foot process effacement was observed in 6 x 10(6) PFU RSV(14),(28),(60) under an electron microscope. No immune complex deposits were detected in the renal tissues. RSV RNA signal and RSV titer of renal tissues, depending on the dose of inoculum, reached their climax on day 8 postinoculation. Our study reports for the first time that RSV can lead to nephropathy in rats on days 14-60 postinoculation, especially in 6 x 10(6) PFU RSV-inoculated rats, which may be a new exploration of the pathogenesis of MCNS.
Authors:
X-M Liu; Z Wang; Y Guo
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-01-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Kidney international     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0085-2538     ISO Abbreviation:  Kidney Int.     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-22     Completed Date:  2007-04-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0323470     Medline TA:  Kidney Int     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  388-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Second Hospital of West China, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
DNA, Viral / analysis
Glomerulonephritis / pathology,  virology*
Humans
Immunoglobulin G / analysis
Kidney Glomerulus / chemistry,  ultrastructure,  virology
Male
Organ Size
Proteinuria / virology*
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections / complications*,  pathology
Respiratory Syncytial Viruses / isolation & purification*
Serum Albumin / analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Viral; 0/Immunoglobulin G; 0/Serum Albumin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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