Document Detail


Respiratory muscle function in trained and untrained adolescents during short-term high intensity exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8375358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The breathing pattern and respiratory muscle function were investigated in ten trained and ten untrained adolescents (aged 15-16 years) while undergoing an incremental intensity exercise test on a cycle ergometer up to 80% maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), maintained to exhaustion. Before and after exercise, maximal inspiratory (PImax) and expiratory (PEmax) pressures were measured at residual volume and total lung capacity, respectively. During exercise, the breathing pattern [tidal volume (VT), respiratory frequency (fR), ventilation] and the relative contribution of ribcage and abdomen to VT were assessed using inductance plethysmography. Electromyographic activities of transversus abdominis (EMGtr) and diaphragm (EMGdi) muscles were recorded and analysed during exercise. There was a difference in the change in the pattern of breathing between the trained and the untrained group; fR increased significantly (P < 0.05) at 40% VO2max for the untrained group. Before exercise there was no difference in the maximal respiratory pressures. Up to 60% and 80% VO2max, transversus abdominis and diaphragm muscle activity increased significantly in the trained adolescents. However in this group, no evidence of respiratory muscle fatigue appeared: PImax, PEmax and the frequency spectrum of EMGtr and EMGdi were not altered by exercise up to exhaustion. In the untrained group, who had high ventilatory responses, expiratory muscle function was unchanged at the end of the exercise, but signs of inspiratory muscle fatigue appeared in that PImax was significantly decreased after exercise.
Authors:
M L Choukroun; C Kays; M Gioux; P Techoueyres; H Guenard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology     Volume:  67     ISSN:  0301-5548     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Publication Date:  1993  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-10-21     Completed Date:  1993-10-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410266     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  14-9     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Physiologie, Faculté Victor Pachon, Université de Bordeaux II, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Electromyography
Exercise / physiology*
Female
Humans
Male
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Endurance / physiology
Respiration / physiology
Respiratory Muscles / physiology*

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