Document Detail

Respiratory mechanics in patients with tense cirrhotic ascites.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9230257     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Lung volumes are decreased by tense ascites and increase after large volume paracentesis (LVP). The overall effect of ascites and LVP on the respiratory function is poorly understood. We studied eight cirrhotic patients with tense ascites before and after LVP. Inspiratory muscle force (maximal transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi,max), and the lowest pleural pressure (Pp1,min)) was assessed while the patients were seated. Rib cage and abdominal volume displacements, as well as pleural and gastric pressures were measured during quiet breathing while the patients were supine. Pdi,max and Ppl,min were normal and did not change after LVP (from 84.2+/-19.7 to 85.2+/-17.0 cmH2O and from 68.3+/-19.7 to 74+/-15.9 cmH2O, respectively). The abdominal contribution to the generation of tidal volume was greater than that of the rib cage (79 vs 21%), a pattern which did not change after LVP (73 and 27%). Before LVP, tidal swings both of pleural pressure (Ppl,sw) and transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi,sw) were large (15.3+/-4.3 and 18.5+/-3.9 cmH2O, respectively) and the load on inspiratory muscles was increased as a consequence of elevated dynamic elastance of the lung (El,dyn) (11.4+/-2.6 cmH2O x L(-1)) and ("intrinsic") positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEPi) (4.3+/-3.5 cmH2O). LVP reduced the load on the inspiratory muscles, as shown by the significant decrease in Ppl,sw (10.6+/-2.0 cmH2O), Pdi,sw (12.8+/-3.0 cmH2O), El,dyn (10.0+/-2.0 cmH2O x L(-1)) and PEEPi (1.1+/-1.3 cmH2O). The amount of fluid removed was closely related to changes in Ppl,sw and PEEPi. We conclude that the strength of the inspiratory muscles is normal or reduced in seated cirrhotic patients. In the supine position, tense ascites results in an increase in lung elastic load and development of positive end-expiratory pressure, with a consequent overload and increased activation of inspiratory muscles. Large volume paracentesis decreases overloading and activation, but does not change the strength of the inspiratory muscles.
R Duranti; G Laffi; G Misuri; D Riccardi; M Gorini; M Foschi; I Iandelli; R Mazzanti; M Mancini; G Scano; P Gentilini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European respiratory journal     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0903-1936     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Respir. J.     Publication Date:  1997 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-09-10     Completed Date:  1997-09-10     Revised Date:  2013-05-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803460     Medline TA:  Eur Respir J     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1622-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Istituto di Medicina Interna ed Immunoallergologia, Università di Firenze, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Ascites / etiology,  physiopathology*,  therapy
Blood Gas Analysis
Liver Cirrhosis / complications,  physiopathology*
Lung Volume Measurements
Middle Aged
Posture / physiology
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology*
Respiratory Muscles / physiopathology*
Supine Position / physiology

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