Document Detail


Respiratory mechanics of horses measured by conventional and forced oscillation techniques.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7928872     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Respiratory mechanics were compared using conventional and forced oscillation techniques in six conscious horses and a mechanical model of the equine respiratory system. The parameters calculated from conventional airflow and esophageal pressure measurements were pulmonary resistance and dynamic compliance. The impedance of the respiratory system was measured at 1, 2, and 3 Hz with the forced oscillation technique, and respiratory system resistance, compliance, inertance, and resonant frequency were calculated. Pulmonary resistance was 1.0 +/- 0.3 cmH2O.l-1.s, and pulmonary dynamic compliance was 2.4 +/- 0.6 l/cmH2O. With the use of the forced oscillation system, respiratory resistance was 1.61 +/- 0.50 cmH2O.l-1.s at 1 Hz, compliance was 0.195 +/- 0.075 l/cmH2O, inertance was 0.026 +/- 0.0095 cmH2O.l-1.s2, and resonant frequency was 2.40 +/- 0.25 Hz. Data collected from a model of the respiratory system showed a close correlation between resistance and compliance measured with the two systems. This study demonstrates that the forced oscillation technique is a useful method for noninvasive measurement of respiratory mechanics in horses.
Authors:
S S Young; D Tesarowski
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  76     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1994 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-11-01     Completed Date:  1994-11-01     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2467-72     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Studies, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Airway Resistance / physiology
Animals
Horses
Lung Compliance / physiology
Models, Biological
Respiratory Function Tests / instrumentation*
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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