Document Detail


Respiratory and laryngeal function during spontaneous speaking in teachers with voice disorders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18367681     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To determine if respiratory and laryngeal function during spontaneous speaking were different for teachers with voice disorders compared with teachers without voice problems. METHOD: Eighteen teachers, 9 with and 9 without voice disorders, were included in this study. Respiratory function was measured with magnetometry, and laryngeal function was measured with electroglottography during 3 spontaneous speaking tasks: a simulated teaching task at a typical loudness level, a simulated teaching task at an increased loudness level, and a conversational speaking task. Electroglottography measures were also obtained for 3 structured speaking tasks: a paragraph reading task, a sustained vowel, and a maximum phonation time vowel. RESULTS: Teachers with voice disorders started and ended their breath groups at significantly smaller lung volumes than teachers without voice problems during teaching-related speaking tasks; however, there were no between-group differences in laryngeal measures. Task-related differences were found on several respiratory measures and on one laryngeal measure. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that teachers with voice disorders used different speech breathing strategies than teachers without voice problems. Implications for clinical management of teachers with voice disorders are discussed.
Authors:
Soren Y Lowell; Julie M Barkmeier-Kraemer; Jeannette D Hoit; Brad H Story
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1092-4388     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res.     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-27     Completed Date:  2008-07-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705610     Medline TA:  J Speech Lang Hear Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  333-49     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Laryngeal and Speech Section, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. lowells@ninds.nih.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Faculty
Female
Glottis / physiology
Humans
Laryngeal Muscles / physiology
Larynx / physiology*
Lung Volume Measurements
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases / physiopathology*
Reproducibility of Results
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology*
Speech / physiology*
Speech Production Measurement
Vocal Cords / physiology
Voice Disorders / physiopathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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