Document Detail

Respiratory infection: the disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4075365     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Infectious pneumonias are inflammations of the lung that can be localized in the alveoli or interstitial tissue or both. The pathogenic agent is usually airborne; more rarely it is hematogenous. Important distinctions are between bacterial and nonbacterial forms, between diseases acquired outside and inside hospitals, and between patients who are basically healthy and those with a previous illness. Pneumococci continue to be the dominant pathogens outside hospitals. In hospitals, gram-negative, anaerobic, and fungal pathogens are more often found. Usually, purulent chronic bronchitis or an acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis is based on a prior viral infection or an impairment of bacterial clearance mechanisms of the respiratory tract. The dominant pathogens are Haemophilus influenzae and pneumococci. Worldwide, viral infections of the upper respiratory tract have great epidemiological significance. With 12 different groups of viruses and more than 150 serotypes, there can be many causes of symptoms of rhinitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, and tracheitis as well as bronchitis.
H Lode
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical therapeutics     Volume:  7 Suppl A     ISSN:  0149-2918     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Ther     Publication Date:  1985  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-01-28     Completed Date:  1986-01-28     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7706726     Medline TA:  Clin Ther     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Acute Disease
Bronchiectasis / microbiology
Bronchitis / microbiology
Child, Preschool
Common Cold / microbiology
Laryngitis / microbiology
Middle Aged
Pharyngitis / microbiology
Pneumonia / microbiology
Respiratory Tract Infections / microbiology*
Tracheitis / microbiology
Virus Diseases / microbiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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