Document Detail


Respiratory and hydrostatic functions of the intestine of the catfishes Hoplosternum thoracatum and Brochis splendens (Callichthyidae).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  670868     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. The air-breathing behaviour of Hoplosternum thoracatum and Brochis splendens has been studied and their strategy of coordinating the respiratory and hydrostatic functions of the accessory respiratory organ has been examined. 2. H. thoracatum and B. splendens are continuous but not obligate air-breathers and individuals of the former breathe air in synchrony with each other. 3. Frequency of air-breathing increased with increased activity in H. thoracatum. 4. Aquatic respiration (Vo2) in H. thoracatum decreased in hypoxic water but aerial Vo2 maintained a fairly constant total Vo2 independent of aquatic O2. Total Vo2 is higher when fish breathe both air and water but aerial Vo2 did not exceed 75% of total Vo2. 5. The accessory respiratory organ provides about 75% of the lift required to attain neutral buoyancy whereas the swimbladder provides less than 5%. The mean decreases in volume of the accessory respiratory organ in the period between breaths of B. splendens and H. thoracatum were 13.2 and 7.8% respectively. 6. With a gas phase of O2, B. splendens maintained a similar frequency of air breathing and showed a slightly greater reduction in buoyancy between air breaths when compared to breathing air. With a gas phase of N2, air breathing was less frequent and decreases in buoyancy between air breaths were much less than when breathing air. 7. The respiratory and hydrostatic functions of the accessory respiratory organ are compatible. Buoyancy is maintained by frequent air breaths taken in part in response to a decrease in volume of the accessory respiratory organ. This reservoir of O2 could increase metabolic scope during bursts of activity.
Authors:
J H Gee; J B Graham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of experimental biology     Volume:  74     ISSN:  0022-0949     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Exp. Biol.     Publication Date:  1978 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1978-09-15     Completed Date:  1978-09-15     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243705     Medline TA:  J Exp Biol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Fishes / physiology*
Intestines / physiology
Nitrogen
Oxygen Consumption
Respiration
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7727-37-9/Nitrogen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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