Document Detail

Respiratory failure in acute pancreatitis: a possible role for triglycerides.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  443907     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Respiratory failure is a frequent complication of acute pancreatitis. Two clinical studies of this association have demonstrated a high incidence of concomitant hypertriglyceridemia. Experimental studies were carried out using an ex vivo, isolated, perfused, ventilated, canine pulmonary lobe to evaluate the effects of triglyceride elevations on pulmonary mechanics and gas exchange. Control lobes perfused for a four hour period remained stable. When 5g and 10g of triglyceride were added to the perfusate, the lobes became grossly edematous and hemorrhagic. Intrapulmonary shunting developed (23 and 46%), weight gain occurred (130 and 189g), effective compliance decreased, and the pressure-volume deflation curves became abnormal. Free fatty acid (FFA) levels increased markedly during the perfusion periods. When small quantities of FFA were infused directly into the pulmonary artery, similar changes, but less severe, occurred. These studies demonstrate that triglyceride elevations are capable of adversely affecting pulmonary gas exchange and mechanics. Such changes probably occur secondary to FFA release. These data thus add support to the concept that the respiratory insufficiency that is seen in acute pancreatitis could be mediated through triglyceride elevations.
T Kimura; J K Toung; S Margolis; S Permutt; J L Cameron
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of surgery     Volume:  189     ISSN:  0003-4932     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Surg.     Publication Date:  1979 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-07-16     Completed Date:  1979-07-16     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372354     Medline TA:  Ann Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  509-14     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Acute Disease
Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / blood
Hyperlipidemias / complications*,  physiopathology
Infusions, Intra-Arterial
Mineral Oil / administration & dosage
Oleic Acids / administration & dosage
Pancreatitis / blood,  complications*
Respiratory Insufficiency / blood,  etiology*,  physiopathology
Time Factors
Triglycerides / administration & dosage,  blood*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids, Nonesterified; 0/Oleic Acids; 0/Triglycerides; 8020-83-5/Mineral Oil

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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