Document Detail


Respiratory elastic load compensation in anesthetized patients with kyphoscoliosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2793696     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To evaluate the effects of abnormal respiratory mechanics and neuromuscular drive on the various components of elastic load compensation, we studied 16 anesthetized patients with kyphoscoliosis whose mean passive and active respiratory elastance (Ers and E'rs, respectively), active respiratory resistance, and peak inspiratory occlusion pressure were, respectively, 89, 84, 100, and 37% greater and inspiratory duration (TI) 13% less than corresponding values in 13 anesthetized controls. Ers comprised approximately 66% of effective elastance (E*rs) in both groups. E'rs, reflecting the role of the force-length properties of the active inspiratory muscles in increasing the internal impedance, comprised 83.8 and 86.1% of E*rs in the kyphoscoliosis patients and controls, respectively (P less than 0.001). This demonstrates the influence of increased intrinsic elastance and resistance and decreased TI on tidal volume defense in kyphoscoliosis patients in the absence of vagal modulation. In some patients the difference between Ers and E*rs was substantial, despite an unchanged or even shortened TI, suggesting that the Hering-Breuer reflex may affect stability through ways other than altering TI (e.g., via graded volume-dependent "terminal inhibition"). Characteristics of elastic load compensation in anesthetized kyphoscoliosis patients are similar to those of anesthetized normal subjects.
Authors:
A Baydur; S M Swank; C M Stiles; C S Sassoon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  67     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1989 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-11-21     Completed Date:  1989-11-21     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1024-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Chest Medicine Service, Rancho Los Amigos Medical Center, Downey, California 90242.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological
Adolescent
Adult
Airway Obstruction / physiopathology
Airway Resistance
Anesthesia
Female
Humans
Lung Compliance*
Male
Middle Aged
Respiration
Scoliosis / physiopathology*
Tidal Volume

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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