Document Detail

Respiratory effects, hemodynamic changes and cement leakage during multilevel cement balloon kyphoplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22805756     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of multilevel balloon kyphoplasty (BK) on blood pressure, blood gases and cement leakage.
METHODS: This is a prospective study of 63 patients: 31 were treated for osteoporotic vertebral compressive fractures (OVCF) and 32 for osteolytic tumors (OT). Twenty-six patients were treated at 1 level, 15 at 2, 2 at 3, 6 at 4, 3 at 5, 4 at 6, 5 at 7 and 2 at 8. PPMA was used in 43 patients and calcium phosphate in 20. All patients were treated under general anesthesia with continuous invasive monitoring of hemodynamic changes, arterial blood gases and peripheral and regional cerebral oxygen saturation.
RESULTS: Two patients had a transient drop in blood pressure between 21 and 42 % during simultaneous inflation of all four balloons at two levels and three more patients during cement injection (two PMMA, one calcium phosphate). Five patients had a cement leak (7.9 %), which was unrelated to the cement type or number of levels. Blood pressure, end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure and arterial oxygen partial pressure decreased statistically, but without any clinical significance after cement insertion. Peripheral and regional cerebral oxygen saturation remained unchanged. One-way ANOVA revealed no difference between these changes when clustered by the groups single level, two levels and three or more levels.
CONCLUSION: BK performed under general anesthesia appears to be safe when applied in multiple levels in the same seating provided the balloons are inflated sequentially and not simultaneously and the cement is inserted slowly in a very doughy state. Close monitoring of cardiorespiratory factors is valuable. Its rare circulatory effects are unrelated to the number of levels or the cement type.
Pavlos Katonis; Alexander Hadjipavlou; Xenia Souvatzis; Michael Tzermiadianos; Kalliopi Alpantaki; James Walt Simmons
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-07-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1432-0932     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Spine J     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-27     Completed Date:  2013-04-19     Revised Date:  2013-09-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9301980     Medline TA:  Eur Spine J     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1860-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University Hospital of Heraklion, Voutes, 71003, Heraklion, Crete, Greece.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Bone Cements / adverse effects*
Bone Neoplasms / surgery
Fractures, Compression / surgery
Hemodynamics / physiology*
Kyphoplasty / adverse effects*
Middle Aged
Osteoporotic Fractures / surgery
Spinal Fractures / surgery*
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bone Cements

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