Document Detail

Respiratory disorders in ALS: sleep and exercise studies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10540009     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Sleep disruption in ALS/MND is related to hypoventilation and nocturnal O(2) saturation. Maximal inspiratory pressure (PI(max)) proved sensitive in predicting nocturnal O(2) saturation. However, PI(max) is highly dependent on patient collaboration; on the other hand Mouth Occlusion Pressure (MOP) is a reliable, non-volitional parameter index of central respiratory drive. Since exercise testing (ET) is also part of the assessment of ventilatory regulation the authors aimed to determine whether MOP and ET are sensitive and reliable parameters predictive of nocturnal O(2) saturation and clinical evolution. We conducted a Polysomnographic (PSG) study in two groups of 14 patients, selected according to their MOP level. Patients performed at admission an ET, Respiratory Function tests (RFT) and clinical evaluation with Norris spinal and bulbar scores (SNS and BNS). All patients in Group I (Low MOP) had decreased O(2) saturation during ET (P<0.001). Correlation study showed correlation between ET and MOP (R=0.6); PI(max) slope and PE(max) slope correlated with ET (R=-0.4; -0.6), respectively. ET also correlated with nocturnal O(2) saturation and SNS slope (R=0.8; -0.5), respectively. SNS and BNS slopes correlated with nocturnal O(2) saturation (R=-0.4; -0.7), respectively. The best correlations found were between MOP slope and BNS slope and SNS slope (R=0.8; 0.7), respectively. The high predictive values of MOP and ET at admission to nocturnal O(2) saturation (predicted value=80%) suggested the need of nocturnal pulse oximetry as a standard procedure. MOP and ET should also be used in evaluation protocols of ALS/MND.
A C Pinto; T Evangelista; M de Carvalho; T Paiva; M de Lurdes Sales-Luís
Related Documents :
10861149 - Airway occlusion pressure to titrate positive end-expiratory pressure in patients with ...
1118679 - Respiratory function in esophageal hiatus hernia. i. spirometry, gas distribution, and ...
16631799 - Longitudinal assessment of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation adjustments in als...
3553269 - Comparison of high-frequency jet ventilation to conventional ventilation in adults with...
3953959 - Effects of intraluminal hydrostatic pressure on l-methionine absorption in the obstruct...
7032349 - Respiratory and cardiovascular responses to peep in artificially ventilated patients af...
9387069 - Effects of cardiac sympathetic nerve stimulation on the left ventricular end-systolic p...
6680129 - Orthostatic changes in normovolemic children: an analysis of the "tilt test".
9172849 - Effects of inhaled nitric oxide in patients with hypoxemia and pulmonary hypertension a...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the neurological sciences     Volume:  169     ISSN:  0022-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurol. Sci.     Publication Date:  1999 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-12-02     Completed Date:  1999-12-02     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375403     Medline TA:  J Neurol Sci     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  61-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Hospital de Santa Maria, Av. Prof. Egas Moniz, 1600, Lisbon, Portugal.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis*
Middle Aged
Respiration Disorders / physiopathology*
Respiratory Function Tests
Sensitivity and Specificity
Sleep Disorders / physiopathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Clinical characteristics of SOD1 gene mutations in UK families with ALS.
Next Document:  Can amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients with respiratory insufficiency exercise?