Document Detail

Resolution of binocular rivalry: Perceptual misbinding of color.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16961996     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Is neural binding of color and form required for perception of a unified colored object? Individual cells selectively tuned to both color and orientation are proposed to moot the binding problem. This study reveals perceptual misbinding of color, thereby revealing separate neural representations of color and form followed by a subsequent binding process. Low luminance-contrast, rivalrous chromatic gratings were presented dichoptically. Each grating had alternating chromatic and gray stripes (e.g., red/gray in the left eye, green/gray in the right eye). Observers viewed the two rivalrous, 2 cpd gratings for 1 min. The duration of exclusive visibility was measured for four percepts: left-eye stimulus, right-eye stimulus, fusion of the two colors, or a two-color grating (e.g. a red/green grating). The percept of a two-color grating (misbinding) was observed with Michelson luminance contrast in the grating up to 20%. In general, for a given level of luminance contrast either misbinding (low luminance contrast) or color mixture (high luminance contrast) was observed, but not both of them. The perceived two-color gratings show that two rivalrous chromaticities are both represented neurally when color and form are combined to give a unified percept. "Resolution" of competing chromatic signals from the two eyes is not restricted to color dominance and color mixture. The transition from misbinding to color mixture by increasing luminance contrast shows that luminance edges have an important role in correct localization of color.
Sang Wook Hong; Steven K Shevell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Visual neuroscience     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0952-5238     ISO Abbreviation:  Vis. Neurosci.     Publication Date:    2006 May-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-11     Completed Date:  2006-10-18     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809466     Medline TA:  Vis Neurosci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  561-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology and Ophthalmology and Visual Science, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Color Perception / physiology*
Contrast Sensitivity / physiology*
Functional Laterality / physiology
Motion Perception / physiology
Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology*
Photic Stimulation / methods
Space Perception / physiology
Time Factors
Vision Disparity / physiology*
Vision, Binocular / physiology*
Grant Support

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