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Resistin in mid-trimester amniotic fluid in trisomy 21.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23544842     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether resistin is present in second trimester amniotic fluid from trisomy 21 (also known as Down's syndrome) pregnancies and whether its concentration differs compared with euploid pregnancies. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of fifty-eight women in the mid-trimester of pregnancy who underwent amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosis, 31 of whom carried a single fetus with diagnosed trisomy 21 (study group) and the rest with normal karyotype (control group, n=27). Groups were matched for maternal and gestational age. Levels of resistin in amniotic fluid were measured by a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. RESULTS: Resistin was detected in all amniotic fluid samples. Its median concentration in the second trimester amniotic fluid of trisomy 21 pregnancies (2.1 ng/ml) was statistically significantly lower (P value < 0.001) in comparison with that in euploid pregnancies (3.3 ng/ml). CONCLUSIONS: Resistin is a physiologic constituent of second trimester amniotic fluid. Lower levels of amniotic fluid resistin in pregnancies with trisomy 21 may reflect altered metabolic pathways in utero that could possibly be related with phenotypic features of the syndrome.
Authors:
N Vrachnis; L Gkogkas; S Iliodromiti; C Grigoriadis; E Samoli; Z Iliodromiti; C Pangalos; K I Pappa; N Drakoulis; G Creatsas; D Botsis
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Athens Medical School, Aretaieion Hospital, 115 26 Athens, Greece.
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