Document Detail


Resistant starch content in a selection of starchy foods on the Swedish market.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12032648     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the resistant starch (RS) content in a selection of typical starchy foods on the Swedish market. In addition, the daily RS intake was estimated from Swedish food consumption data. DESIGN: The major forms of RS, including physically encapsulated starch, were determined with an in vitro method using chewing as a pre-step before enzymatic incubation. SETTING: The study was performed at the Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Chemistry, Lund University, Sweden. SUBJECTS: Six healthy subjects were used to chew the food products before enzymatic incubation of the samples. RESULTS: Twenty-five cereal, potato and legume products were included in the study. The highest RS concentration was noted in the legume group (9.5-11.1% total starch basis). Commercially processed potato products were found to have a higher RS content (4.8-5.9%), compared with boiled potatoes (2.0%). Among the cereal products, bread with enclosure of intact rye grains, barley flakes and semolina porridge, respectively, were identified to have a RS level in the higher range (4.5-6.0%). The daily RS intake was estimated to be 3.2 g. CONCLUSIONS: The main RS sources in the Swedish diet are bread and potato products, which contribute approximately 1.3 and 1.2 g RS per day, respectively. Based on food habits the RS intake may vary considerably, thus when added to dietary fibre intake, the contribution of RS may be of nutritional importance for certain individuals.
Authors:
H Liljeberg Elmståhl
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0954-3007     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2002 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-28     Completed Date:  2002-09-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  500-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Chemistry, Center for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. Helena.Elmstahl@inl.lth.se
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bread / analysis
Cereals / chemistry
Cookery / methods
Diet
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage,  analysis*
Fabaceae / chemistry
Food Analysis
Food Habits
Humans
Mastication
Solanum tuberosum / chemistry
Starch / administration & dosage,  analysis*
Sweden
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 9005-25-8/Starch

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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