Document Detail


Resistance to medical therapy of gastric ulcers in rheumatic disease patients taking aspirin. A double-blind study with cimetidine and follow-up.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7140494     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Little is known about healing or recurrence of aspirin-induced gastric ulcers if aspirin intake is continued. A double-blind controlled study compared cimetidine plus antacids as needed (prn) with placebo plus prn antacids in healing aspirin-associated gastric ulcers during continued salicylate ingestion in 18 rheumatic disease patients over a 2-month period. Healing occurred in 44% of the placebo and 56% of the cimetidine-treated patients (P greater than 0.05). Subjects in both groups ingested potentially therapeutic doses of antacid. Ulcer size had an effect on healing rate, irrespective of treatment. Ninety percent of gastric ulcers less than 0.5 cm in diameter healed in 2 months but only 25% of ulcers greater than 0.5 cm. Six of seven patients with unhealed ulcers at 2 months eventually healed medically at intervals of 6--26 months. Of 11 patients managed medically and followed endoscopically for a mean of 15 months after healing, only one had a recurrent ulcer. In conclusion, placebo and antacid therapy were as effective as cimetidine and antacids in healing ulcers over a 2-month period. In spite of continued aspirin intake, most benign gastric ulcers less than 0.5 cm in diameter heal medically in two months. Aspirin-induced ulcers greater than or equal to 1 cm in diameter are relatively resistant to therapy but can be healed with prolonged cimetidine and antacid treatment; once healed, recurrence rate is low with prophylactic therapy even with continued aspirin intake.
Authors:
J C O'Laughlin; G K Silvoso; K J Ivey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Digestive diseases and sciences     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0163-2116     ISO Abbreviation:  Dig. Dis. Sci.     Publication Date:  1982 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-01-27     Completed Date:  1983-01-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902782     Medline TA:  Dig Dis Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  976-80     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Antacids / administration & dosage*
Aspirin / adverse effects,  therapeutic use
Cimetidine / administration & dosage*
Double-Blind Method
Follow-Up Studies
Guanidines / administration & dosage*
Humans
Placebos
Prospective Studies
Rheumatic Heart Disease / drug therapy
Stomach Ulcer / chemically induced,  drug therapy*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
RR00287-12/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antacids; 0/Guanidines; 0/Placebos; 50-78-2/Aspirin; 51481-61-9/Cimetidine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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