Document Detail

Resistance in bacteria of the food chain: epidemiology and control strategies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18847409     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Bacteria have evolved multiple mechanisms for the efficient evolution and spread of antimicrobial resistance. Modern food production facilitates the emergence and spread of resistance through the intensive use of antimicrobial agents and international trade of both animals and food products. The main route of transmission between food animals and humans is via food products, although other modes of transmission, such as direct contact and through the environment, also occur. Resistance can spread as resistant pathogens or via transferable genes in different commensal bacteria, making quantification of the transmission difficult. The exposure of humans to antimicrobial resistance from food animals can be controlled by either limiting the selective pressure from antimicrobial usage or by limiting the spread of the bacteria/genes. A number of control options are reviewed, including drug licensing, removing financial incentives, banning or restricting the use of certain drugs, altering prescribers behavior, improving animal health, improving hygiene and implementing microbial criteria for certain types of resistant pathogens for use in the control of trade of both food animals and food.
Frank M Aarestrup; Henrik C Wegener; Peter Collignon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Expert review of anti-infective therapy     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1744-8336     ISO Abbreviation:  Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-13     Completed Date:  2008-12-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101181284     Medline TA:  Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  733-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen V, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Husbandry / methods,  standards*
Animals, Domestic
Anti-Bacterial Agents* / pharmacology,  therapeutic use
Chickens / microbiology
Drug Resistance, Bacterial* / genetics
Food Chain*
Gram-Negative Bacteria / drug effects*,  genetics
Intestines / microbiology
Meat / microbiology*
Swine / microbiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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