Document Detail

Resistance exercise training reduces arterial reservoir pressure in older adults with prehypertension and hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23235716     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
We examined changes in central blood pressure (BP) following resistance exercise training (RET) in men and women with prehypertension and never-treated hypertension. Both Windkessel theory and wave theory were used to provide a comprehensive examination of hemodynamic modulation with RET. Twenty-one participants (age 61±1 years, n=6 male; average systolic blood pressure (SBP)/diastolic blood pressure (DBP)=138/84 mm Hg) were randomized to either 12 weeks of RET (n=11) or an inactive control group. Central BP and augmentation index (AIx) were derived from radial pressure waveforms using tonometry and a generalized transfer function. A novel reservoir-wave separation technique was used to derive excess wave pressure (related to forward and backward traveling waves) and reservoir pressure (related to the capacitance/Windkessel properties of the arterial tree). Wave separation using traditional impedance analysis and aortic flow triangulation was also applied to derive forward wave pressure (Pf) and backward wave pressure (Pb). There was a group-by-time interaction (P<0.05) for central BP as there was a significant ∼6 mm Hg reduction in SBP and ∼7 mm Hg reduction in DBP following RET with no change in the control condition. There were also group-by-time interactions (P<0.05) for Pf, excess wave pressure and reservoir pressure attributable to reductions in these parameters in the RET group concomitant with slight increases in the control group. There was no change in AIx or Pb (P>0.05). RET may reduce central BP in older adults with hypertension and prehypertension by lowering Pf and reservoir pressure without affecting pressure from wave reflections.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 13 December 2012; doi:10.1038/hr.2012.198.
Kevin S Heffernan; Eun Sun Yoon; James E Sharman; Justin E Davies; Yuan-Ta Shih; Chen-Huan Chen; Bo Fernhall; Sae Young Jae
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1348-4214     ISO Abbreviation:  Hypertens. Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9307690     Medline TA:  Hypertens Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Exercise Science, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA.
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