Document Detail


Resistance training congruent with minimal guidelines improves function in older adults: a pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23074076     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: To examine the effectiveness of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and the American Heart Association (AHA) resistance training (RT) guidelines to improve physical function and functional classification in older adults with reduced physical abilities.
METHODS: Twenty-five at-risk older adults were randomized to a control (CON = 13) or 8-week resistance training intervention arm (RT = 12). Progressive RT included 8 exercises for 1 set of 10 repetitions at a perceived exertion of 5-6 performed twice a week. Individuals were assessed for physical function and functional classification change (low, moderate or high) by the short physical performance battery (SPPB) and muscle strength measures.
RESULTS: Postintervention, significant differences were found between groups for SPPB-Chair Stand [F(1,22) = 9.14, P < .01, η = .29] and SPPB-Total Score [F(1,22) = 7.40, P < .05, η = .25]. Functional classification was improved as a result of the intervention with 83% of participants in the RT group improving from low to moderate functioning or moderate to high functioning. Strength significantly improved on all exercises in the RT compared with the CON group.
CONCLUSIONS: A RT program congruent with the current ASCM and AHA guidelines is effective to improve overall physical function, functional classification, and muscle strength for older adults with reduced physical abilities.
Authors:
Keith P Gennuso; Kathryn Zalewski; Susan E Cashin; Scott J Strath
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-10-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of physical activity & health     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1543-5474     ISO Abbreviation:  J Phys Act Health     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-08-27     Completed Date:  2014-05-12     Revised Date:  2014-07-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101189457     Medline TA:  J Phys Act Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  769-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
Data Bank Information
Bank Name/Acc. No.:
ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01385475
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Exercise*
Exercise Therapy*
Female
Guidelines as Topic
Health Behavior
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Muscle Strength / physiology*
Pilot Projects
Resistance Training*
United States
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K01AG025962/AG/NIA NIH HHS; UL1 TR000055/TR/NCATS NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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