Document Detail

Resistance exercise training improves heart function and physical fitness in stable patients with heart failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19561521     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: This study determined the effect of a structured isotonic strength training (ST) program on left ventricular (LV) function (ejection fraction, stroke volume, and end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes) and physical fitness (6-minute walk test, upper body strength, lower body strength, and body composition) in patients with New York Heart Association class II and III heart failure. METHODS: Sixteen patients were randomized into 2 groups, ST and usual care. The ST group (10 patients) performed 24 ST exercise sessions (3 per week, 8 weeks), while the usual care (6 patients) group followed routine medical care. The structured isotonic ST program involved 12 different exercises on circuit weight machines. LV function (3D echocardiography) and physical fitness were assessed at baseline and 8 weeks. RESULTS: Modest improvements (P < .05) in resting ejection fraction (0.32-0.37) and stroke volume (46 to 53 mL/beat), as well as in muscular strength and 6-minute walk distance, were found after training. CONCLUSIONS: A short-term structured isotonic ST program appears to improve selected measures of resting LV function and fitness in patients with mild congestive heart failure. Additional studies utilizing larger numbers of subjects, including women, are needed.
Gregory Palevo; Steven J Keteyian; Minsoo Kang; Jennifer L Caputo
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and prevention     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1932-751X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev     Publication Date:    2009 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-25     Completed Date:  2010-02-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101291247     Medline TA:  J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  294-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
RehabCare Group, St Louis, Missouri 63105, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Exercise Tolerance / physiology*
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Failure / physiopathology,  rehabilitation*,  ultrasonography
Muscle Strength / physiology*
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Severity of Illness Index
Stroke Volume / physiology*
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Function, Left / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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