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Resident-performed Ex-PRESS Shunt Implantation Versus Trabeculectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21522022     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes between resident-performed trabeculectomy and Ex-PRESS shunt implantation. METHODS: A consecutive cohort of 36 Ex-PRESS shunt implantations and 57 trabeculectomies (1 eye/patient) performed by resident surgeons in their third year of ophthalmic training at the University of California, San Francisco and at the San Francisco Veterans Administration Hospital, under the supervision of a single glaucoma fellowship-trained surgeon were included in this study. Eyes with < 6 months of follow-up or previous glaucoma surgery were excluded. Preoperative and postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP), preoperative and postoperative number of ocular antihypertensive medications and complication rates were compared between the 2 procedures retrospectively. RESULTS: No difference was found in postoperative IOP (all, P≥0.099) or proportional decrease in IOP (all, P≥0.092) between the trabeculectomy and Ex-PRESS shunt groups at all follow-up points. On average, the Ex-PRESS shunt group required significantly less ocular antihypertensive medication to control IOP at 3 months postoperative (P=0.01), but no difference was found at 6 months or 1 year (all, P≥0.28). A larger proportion of Ex-PRESS shunt patients had good IOP control without medication at 3 (P=0.057) and 6 months (P=0.076) postoperatively. No difference was found in the rates of sight-threatening complications between groups (all, P≥0.22). CONCLUSIONS: In the hands of ophthalmology residents in their third year of training, the trabeculectomy and Ex-PRESS shunt implantation procedures perform comparably in terms of postoperative IOP control, reduction in patient dependence on ocular antihypertensive medications, and risk of complication in our population.
Michael I Seider; Soraya Rofagha; Shan C Lin; Robert L Stamper
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of glaucoma     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1536-481X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9300903     Medline TA:  J Glaucoma     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, CA.
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