Document Detail


Residence at 3,800-m altitude for 5 mo in growing dogs enhances lung diffusing capacity for oxygen that persists at least 2.5 years.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17218427     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mammals native to high altitude (HA) exhibit larger lung volumes than their lowland counterparts. To test the hypothesis that adaptation induced by HA residence during somatic maturation improves pulmonary gas exchange in adulthood, male foxhounds born at sea level (SL) were raised at HA (3,800 m) from 2.5 to 7.5 mo of age and then returned to SL prior to somatic maturity while their littermates were simultaneously raised at SL. Following return to SL, all animals were trained to run on a treadmill; gas exchange and hemodynamics were measured 2.5 years later at rest and during exercise while breathing 21% and 13% O(2). The multiple inert gas elimination technique was employed to estimate ventilation-perfusion (Va/Q) distributions and lung diffusing capacity for O(2) (Dl(O(2))). There were no significant intergroup differences during exercise breathing 21% O(2). During exercise breathing 13% O(2), peak O(2) uptake and Va/Q distributions were similar between groups but arterial pH, base excess, and O(2) saturation were higher while peak lactate concentration was lower in animals raised at HA than at SL. At a given exercise intensity, alveolar-arterial O(2) tension gradient (A-aDo(2)) attributable to diffusion limitation was lower while Dlo(2) was 12-25% higher in HA-raised animals. Mean systemic arterial blood pressure was also lower in HA-raised animals; mean pulmonary arterial pressures were similar. We conclude that 5 mo of HA residence during maturation enhances long-term gas exchange efficiency and Dl(O(2)) without impacting Va/Q inequality during hypoxic exercise at SL.
Authors:
Connie C W Hsia; Robert L Johnson; Paul McDonough; D Merrill Dane; Myresa D Hurst; Jennifer L Fehmel; Harrieth E Wagner; Peter D Wagner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2007-01-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  102     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2007 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-05     Completed Date:  2007-05-22     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1448-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, TX 75390-9034, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acclimatization / physiology*
Altitude*
Animals
Dogs / physiology*
Lung / physiology*
Male
Oxygen / metabolism*
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Pulmonary Gas Exchange / physiology*
Time Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-040070/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-054060/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-062873/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; R01 HL-045716/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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