Document Detail

Resentful and reflective coping with arbitrary authority and blood pressure: Detroit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  472085     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Two hypotheses about coping with an arbitrary authority, an angry boss, were tested: (1) styles of handling anger vary with social status, and (2) these styles are in turn related to blood pressure levels. Two styles of coping were tested: model R-R, Resentful vs. Reflective, and model I/O/R, Anger-In, Anger-Out, and Reflective. Handling an angry boss by Reflection is reported by more women than men, by those in middle-class areas rather than lower class, and does not vary by race. Working class report more use of Anger-Out than middle class who in turn report more use of Reflection. In general, the Anger-In response did not vary by race, sex, or area of residence (12-18%). For model R-R, Reflection of boss's anger was related to lower blood pressure when compared to Resentful responses, within sex, race, and residence groups. For model I/O/R, working-class, high stress persons who expressed Anger-Out showed the highest mean levels. Reflection is an appraisal response related to vascular and neural deceleration in stress experiments. This mode can be learned, and may aid in handling daily emotional-loaded stimuli to control blood pressure, along with learning a relaxation response.
E Harburg; E H Blakelock; P R Roeper
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychosomatic medicine     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0033-3174     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychosom Med     Publication Date:  1979 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-10-24     Completed Date:  1979-10-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376505     Medline TA:  Psychosom Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  189-202     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological*
Blood Pressure*
Ethnic Groups
Middle Aged
Sex Factors
Social Class
Stress, Psychological / psychology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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