Document Detail

Research to encourage exercise for fibromyalgia (REEF): use of motivational interviewing, outcomes from a randomized-controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23042474     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Regular exercise is associated with important benefits in patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Unfortunately, long-term maintenance of exercise after a structured program is rare. The present study tested the efficacy of Motivational Interviewing (MI) to promote exercise and improve symptoms in patients with FM.
METHODS: A total of 216 patients with FM were randomized to 6 MI sessions (n=107) or an equal number of FM self-management lessons (education control/EC, n=109). Co-primary endpoints were an increase of 30 minutes in moderate-vigorous physical activity and improvement in the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ)-Physical Impairment score, assessed at pretreatment, posttreatment, and 3-month and 6-month follow-up. Secondary outcomes included clinically meaningful improvements in FIQ score, pain severity ratings, and a 6-minute walk test.
RESULTS: There were no significant treatment group differences in either co-primary endpoint at 6-month follow-up. However, more MI participants than controls exhibited meaningful improvements in FIQ score at 6-month follow-up (62.9% vs. 49.5%, P=0.06). Compared with EC participants, MI participants also displayed a larger increment in their 6-minute walk test (43.9 vs. 24.8 m, P=0.03). In addition, MI was superior to EC in increasing the number of hours of physical activity immediately postintervention and in reducing pain severity both immediately after the intervention and at 3-month follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite a lack of benefits on long-term outcome, MI seems to have short-term benefits with respect to self-report physical activity and clinical outcomes. This is the first study in FM that explicitly addresses exercise maintenance as a primary aim.
Dennis C Ang; Anthony S Kaleth; Silvia Bigatti; Steven A Mazzuca; Mark P Jensen; Janna Hilligoss; James Slaven; Chandan Saha
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Clinical journal of pain     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1536-5409     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin J Pain     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-04     Completed Date:  2013-08-26     Revised Date:  2014-09-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8507389     Medline TA:  Clin J Pain     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  296-304     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Exercise / psychology*
Exercise Therapy / psychology*
Fibromyalgia / psychology,  therapy*
Middle Aged
Motivational Interviewing*
Self Care
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
1R01AR054324-01A1/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS; R01 AR054324/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS; R01 AR054324-01A1/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS

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