Document Detail


Research priorities for the reduction of perinatal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing country communities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12168128     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although post-neonatal and child mortality rates have declined dramatically in many developing countries in recent decades, neonatal mortality rates have remained relatively unchanged. Neonatal mortality now accounts for approximately two-thirds of the 8 million deaths in children less than 1 year of age, and nearly four-tenths of all deaths in children less than 5 years of age. Worldwide, 98% of all neonatal deaths occur in developing countries, mostly at home, and largely attributable to infections, birth asphyxia and injuries, and consequences of prematurity, low birth weight and congenital anomalies. We review principal determinants of neonatal morbidity and mortality during the antenatal, intrapartum and postpartum periods, and propose priority community-based research activities to develop, test and adapt inexpensive, practical and sustainable interventions during these periods to reduce perinatal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries.
Authors:
William Moss; Gary L Darmstadt; David R Marsh; Robert E Black; Mathuram Santosham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0743-8346     ISO Abbreviation:  J Perinatol     Publication Date:  2002 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-08     Completed Date:  2002-11-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501884     Medline TA:  J Perinatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  484-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cause of Death*
Developing Countries
Female
Fetal Death*
Humans
Infant Mortality / trends*
Infant, Newborn
Perinatal Care / standards,  trends
Pregnancy
Prenatal Care / standards,  trends
Primary Prevention / organization & administration*
Research*
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
J Perinatol. 2002 Oct-Nov;22(7):513-5   [PMID:  12368964 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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