Document Detail


Reproductive performance with an automated activity monitoring system versus a synchronized breeding program.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22901474     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective was to compare reproductive performance with management programs based on an automated activity monitoring (AAM) system or a synchronized breeding program under field conditions. In total, 1,429 Holstein cows from 3 commercial herds in Ontario, Canada, were enrolled over 1 yr in a randomized controlled trial. At each farm, primiparous and multiparous animals were housed in separate pens. At the pen level, cows were assigned to reproductive management primarily using an AAM system based on monitoring activity levels (Heatime, SCR Engineers Ltd., Netanya, Israel) or a timed artificial insemination (TAI) program. A crossover occurred after 6 mo of the trial to avoid confounding treatment with parity. Insemination based on additional detection of estrus by visual observation was practiced in all pens. At the individual cow level, time to pregnancy throughout the study (n = 1,985 cow-6 mo periods), time to first service, and time to second service were analyzed with a Cox proportional hazards models accounting for herd, and did not differ overall between the AAM and TAI treatment groups. However, we observed an interaction between herd and breeding program, such that association of AAM- or TAI-based program with these outcomes differed between farms. Time to pregnancy was not different in herd A [median = 151 and 136 d; hazard ratio (HR) = 0.93] and herd C (median = 99 and 124, HR = 1.24), whereas herd B had a median time to pregnancy of 119 d and 146 d (HR = 1.3) in the AAM and TAI groups, respectively. Under conditions in which 19 to 32% of artificial inseminations in both groups were based on visually detected estrus, herd pregnancy rate and cow-level time to pregnancy did not differ overall between TAI- and AAM-based programs, but the effect of reproductive management approach depended on herd. Considering 924 cow-6 mo periods with artificial inseminations only by the assigned program, we also found an interaction between herd and breeding program. Stratified analysis showed no difference in time to pregnancy in herd A (HR = 1.3), whereas in herds B (HR = 1.7) and C (HR = 2.8), cows in the AAM treatment group became pregnant sooner compared with those in the TAI group. Factors that influence the variability in relative performance of these management systems between herds require further investigation. Our study used one commercial activity monitoring system and the results cannot necessarily be generalized to other systems.
Authors:
R C Neves; K E Leslie; J S Walton; S J Leblanc
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Population Medicine, and.
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